In the southwest of France is the third largest department of France, the Dordogne. The name derives from the Dordogne river which rises in the Auvergne in central France from the rivers Dorde and Dogne. The Dordogne is for the most part with the old province of Perigord. The Perigord has its name from the Gallic tribe Petrocorii, celtic “four signs”. If one area at a map it looks like the black gold of the Perigord Truffle. A culinary highlight.
Thus, the department is still divided into the four areas Perigord Vert, Perigord Blanc, Périgord Noir and Purple Perigord.
The Perigord Vert (green) in the north of the city center as Nontron. Very recognizable by the many forests and untamed landscape. A rugged and varied area, consisting of forests, heathland and cultivated, with little habitation. Here one can in peace ideal canoeing on the river, many streams and riding without the massive amount of tourists in the Dordogne.
Dronne, L’Isle and L’Auvezere are the main rivers.
Périgord Blanc (white) in the northwest, with the center Périgueux, the capital of the Dordogne. It seems a sort of giant open space of calcareous chalk ground amid large forests.
The Gallic tribe Petrocorii settled on the banks of the L’Isle, and was named in Gallo-Roman times Vesuna. Together with Puy St-Front Built around a monastery on the other side of the river, in 1251 the city of Périgueux arise. In 1790 the town became the capital of the new department chosen.
Périgord Noir (black) in the east, with the center of Sarlat, is intersected by the rivers Dordogne and Vezere and owes its name to the many forests with many oak trees with a dense and dark leaves.
It is the holiday destination of choice. With its many caves, shelters, houses, medieval towns, castles. There are paths along the Dordogne where two castles simultaneously seeing is normal.
Périgord Pourpre (purple) in the southwest, with the center of Bergerac. The region is named after the skin of the grape. Well known for its vineyards, which absolutely no Bordeaux wines may be called while the wine regions are adjacent. Yet it is a very interesting wine region.
The Romans were responsible for the construction of the many vineyards.
Originally white wines the main product, think of the famous dessert wine of Chateau Monbazillac, but today there are many fine red wines for sale. This is also the area of the Pécharmant wines not to be forgotten, east of Bergerac.
The river Dordogne until the beginning of this century is very important for the transport of goods by boat. Since large stretches of the river are very fierce, beautiful rock formations, the boats, la Gabare, at endpoint (Lalinde) apart and with horse and carriage brought back to the starting point upriver. This is the area for the canoeist.