History of the Dordogne

Approx. 35,000 years BC.
The last ice age. During this time lived here the Cro-Magnon man.

Approx. 17,000 to 10,000 yr BC.
Late Paleolithic. From this period date the cave paintings in caves can be visited.

Approx. Jr 500 BC.
Celtic tribes (collective name Gauls) leave Eastern Europe and attract the current French territory within. The Celtic tribe Petrocorii settles in the Perigord. Especially in the area where now Périgueux.

Approx. Jr 100 BC.
The Romans conquer the southwestern part of France, including the Dordogne.

16 BC.
The Roman province of Aquitania arises. Périgueux, Vesuna Petrurcoriorum, the center of the Gallo-Roman culture in the Perigord.

507 AD.
Clovis, the leader of the Franks, who from the Lower Rhine is now France withdraw defeats the Visigoths. By being baptized in 496 by the Bishop of Reims he gets a lot of support among the population. The Aquitaine region is as in the Frankish Empire.

1152 AD.
Henry Plantagenet, Duke of Anjou and heir to the throne of England, later King Henry II marries Eleanor (Eleonara, Eleanor) of Aquitaine She is the last child of the ducal family of Aquitaine. Heiress of the duchies of Aquitaine, Gascony and the counties of Toulouse and Poitou. Previously she was married to the heir to the throne of France, Louis VII. A marriage was dissolved because the childless. This is the beginning of the struggle between the English and the French. The empire of the English throne stretched by this marriage of the northern counties south of Scotland to the Pyrenees.

Late 13th century
The English part of France is as large as the French part that falls under the French king. During this time north of the Dordogne French bastide built on the south side of the English.

Hundred Years War. Areas are then under French rule, then under English control. It is especially the people who seriously suffer. Harvesting and houses were burned and looted. A large portion of the population flight to the ancient cave dwellings and shelters. Charles VII know with the support of Jeanne d’Arc (The Maid of Orleans) finally the British defeat and reduce to Calais.

2nd half 16th century
Bergerac area is a stronghold of the Protestants. Between 1562 and 1594, eight religious wars. The Catholics against the Huguenots (French Protestants). After the Edict of Nantes is a period of some rest.

The conflict flared up again in 1621 between the Catholics and the Huguenots ends as Bergerac and Montauban, the great Protestant strongholds, surrender to Richelieu. Thousands of Protestants fled to the Netherlands in particular.

The French Revolution. July 14, 1789. The storming of the Bastille in Paris. Still the National holiday in France. The feudal obligations for farmers lapsed. The old province of Perigord is a part of the old Quercy region classified as the new Dordogne.

19th century
Napoleon I: 1799-1815
1848: Louis-Philippe, the citizen king is deposited.
1848-1852: Second Republic. Napoleon III is president.
1852: Napoleon declares himself Emperor Napoleon III in imitation of Napoleon I.
1868: Cro-Magnon skeletons from pre-history to be found in Les Eyzies-de-Tayac.
A large part of the wine culture in the department is destroyed by the phylloxera.

First World War. La Grande Guerre (The Great War). A four-year long trench warfare (the Marne as a dividing line in the north of France) means that the Dordogne thousands of men are called to the front to go and serve. In almost every village is a memorial tablet to find the names of the fallen from the village, often in combination with a plaque with the names of fallen soldiers from World War II. In this period, the first form of childcare. The women worked in the fields or in factories, the men at the front and the children went to school (school long) with a hot meal for lunch and transportation to and from home. A system that still exists.

World War II. The northern half of France was occupied by Germany. The Dordogne is located in the so-called free zone where the regime headed by Pétain and Laval collaborated with the Germans. Under the leadership of Charles de Gaulle (from England) was Le Maquis (underground resistance) active. After the landing of the Allies in Normandy (6 June 1944) was the opposition openly active. This resulted in a withdrawal of the Germans from Montauban to the north, where a trail of blood and destruction was pulled through the whole area. In August 1944 Charles de Gaulle forms a provisional government.

From 1960
During the sixties, the first tourists to the first campsites in Dordogne. Thanks to the development of tourism is for the population during the season more work. Nevertheless attract many young Frenchmen to the north to find work. Many houses in the course of years later sold to Dutch and especially to Englishmen. With the increase in tourism is also increasing prosperity in the Dordogne. Restoration work will be started to the department a greater allure. Who has seen this development from the early sixties to today, the idea that the area of a medieval lifestyle has changed into a modern area with a wealth of history of thousands of years old.